As per the World Health Organization, harmful use of alcohol results in approximately 2.5 million deaths per year, and 4% of all deaths worldwide as attributable to alcohol. The alcohol related harm is not limited to heavy drinkers or those suffering from alcohol use disorders but also extends to persons who drink moderately or occasionally as well as to persons who do not drink but become victims of alcohol related accidents or aggression.
To address the impact of alcohol use on society, a national policy on alcohol use is needed. The alcohol policy includes measures by the government to control supply and demand, minimize alcohol-related harm and promote public health.
At present, India does not have a national alcohol policy. However, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has Alcohol and Drug Demand Reduction and Prevention Policies.
Here is a list of resources to help formulate the national alcohol policy in India:
- Article 47 of the Constitution of India
- “The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health”
- Information on excise or inland tax on the sale, or production for sale, of alcohol or a tax on a good produced for sale, or sold, within a country or licenses for specific activities. The central excise department and state excise departments can be accessed for this information
- Laws related to alcohol use in India